Presto 0.100 Documentation

10.41. Release 0.60

10.41. Release 0.60

JDBC improvements

The Presto version of the JDBC DatabaseMetaData interface now includes proper implementations of getTables, getSchemas and getCatalogs.

The JDBC driver is now always packaged as a standalone jar without any dependencies. Previously, this artifact was published with the Maven classifier standalone. The new build does not publish this artifact anymore.

USE CATALOG and USE SCHEMA

The 命令行接口 now supports USE CATALOG and USE SCHEMA.

TPCH Connector

We have added a new connector that will generate synthetic data following the TPC-H specification. This connector makes it easy to generate large datasets for testing and bug reports. When generating bug reports, we encourage users to use this catalog since it eases the process of reproducing the issue. The data is generated dynamically for each query, so no disk space is used by this connector. To add the tpch catalog to your system, create the catalog property file etc/catalog/tpch.properties on both the coordinator and workers with the following contents:

connector.name=tpch

Additionally, update the datasources property in the config properties file, etc/config.properties, for the workers to include tpch.

SPI changes

The Connector interface now has explicit methods for supplying the services expected by the query engine. Previously, this was handled by a generic getService method.

Note

This is a backwards incompatible change to Connector in the SPI, so if you have written a connector, you will need to update your code before deploying this release.

Additionally, we have added the NodeManager interface to the SPI to allow a plugin to detect all nodes in the Presto cluster. This is important for some connectors that can divide a table evenly between all nodes as long as the connector knows how many nodes exist. To access the node manager, simply add the following to the Plugin class:

@Inject
public void setNodeManager(NodeManager nodeManager)
{
    this.nodeManager = nodeManager;
}

Optimizations

DISTINCT LIMIT

For queries with the following form:

SELECT DISTINCT ...
FROM T
LIMIT N

We have added an optimization that stops the query as soon as N distinct rows are found.

Range predicates

When optimizing a join, Presto analyzes the ranges of the partitions on each side of a join and pushes these ranges to the other side. When tables have a lot of partitions, this can result in a very large filter with one expression for each partition. The optimizer now summarizes the predicate ranges to reduce the complexity of the filters.

Compound filters

Complex expressions involving AND, OR, or NOT are now optimized by the expression optimizer.

Window functions

Window functions with a PARTITION BY clause are now distributed based on the partition key.

Bug fixes

  • Scheduling

    In the changes to schedule splits in batches, we introduced two bugs that resulted in an unbalanced workload across nodes which increases query latency. The first problem was not inspecting the queued split count of the nodes while scheduling the batch, and the second problem was not counting the splits awaiting creation in the task executor.

  • JSON conversion of complex Hive types

    Presto converts complex Hive types (array, map, struct and union) into JSON. Previously, numeric keys in maps were converted to numbers, not strings, which is invalid as JSON only allows strings for object keys. This prevented the JSON函数 from working.

  • Hive hidden files

    Presto will now ignore files in Hive that start with an underscore _ or a dot .. This matches the behavior of Hadoop MapReduce / Hive.

  • Failures incorrectly reported as no data

    Certain types of failures would result in the query appearing to succeed and return an incomplete result (often zero rows). There was a race condition between the error propagation and query teardown. In some cases, the query would be torn down before the exception made it to the coordinator. This was a regression introduced during the query teardown optimization work. There are now tests to catch this type of bug.

  • Exchange client leak

    When a query finished early (e.g., limit or failure) and the exchange operator was blocked waiting for data from other nodes, the exchange was not be closed properly. This resulted in continuous failing HTTP requests which leaked resources and produced large log files.

  • Hash partitioning

    A query with many GROUP BY items could fail due to an overflow in the hash function.

  • Compiled NULL literal

    In some cases queries with a select expression like CAST(NULL AS varchar) would fail due to a bug in the output type detection code in expression compiler.